Removal of links even without a judgment - new obligations for web publishers and creators?

One of the most recent, December rulings of the Court of Justice of the European Union ("CJEU") in the high-profile case against Google LLC, settled the questionable issue of the so-called right to be forgotten. Read more »

Amendments to the Criminal Code - harsher does not mean better

On December 2, 2022, the President of the Republic of Poland signed into law the Act of July 7, 2022 on Amendments to the Penal Code and Certain Other Acts. The law introduces a number of changes to the Penal Code mainly... Read more »

Liability of a board member for the company's debts - how to defend oneself?

Pursuant to the article 299 of the Commercial Companies  Code (hereinafter: “c.c.c.”), a board member is liable for the obligations of the company if enforcement against the company proves to be ineffective. Read more »

Recovery of Claims from Cryptocurrencies

There are currently around 1,600 cryptocurrencies on the exchange market. This is a relatively new phenomenon and difficult to define, so for the purposes of this article, we will simplistically assume, following Article 2(2)(26) of the AML/CFT Act, that cryptocurrencies can be qualified as virtual currency, i.e. a digital representation of value that can be exchanged for legal tender in business transactions. Read more »

Liability of collective entities for environmental offences

Just before the Oder disaster on 22 July 2022, the Environmental Crime Prevention Act was enacted. It introduces amendments to a number of laws, primarily the Criminal Code, the Misdemeanours Code and the Collective Entity Liability Act. Read more »

Legal responsibility for the Oder ecological disaster

We are getting closer to knowing the key dates and places where the Oder catastrophe began - recent satellite analyses point to key days and places where this ecological damage may have originated. Read more »

New taxes under Polish Deal 2.0

Effective January 1, 2022, the tax regulations introduced as part of the Polish Deal (which is now already referred to as "Polish Deal 1.0") proved so problematic that after just six months in effect they were replaced by other, intended to be better and simplify the tax system. Read more »

Another bill to protect whistleblowers

On 7 July 2022. The Government Legislation Centre has published a third draft of the Whistleblower Protection Bill. The project is the result of the need to implement the EU Directive on the protection of persons who report breaches of Union law (the Whistleblowing Directive), this time clarifying previously proposed solutions and offering cosmetic changes. Read more »
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